TERRAIN/FIELDWORK Church worksites in Eastern Tigray (Middle Ages-21st century).
Technical-economic and ethnoarchaeological analyses of local rock-hewn practices [French and Amharic versions below] by Anaïs Lamesa & Haylay Atsbəha Haylu
This text aims to present two research projects and conclusive methodological reflections sparked by initial surveys carried out in Eastern Tigray (Fig. 1) between the beginning of January and the end of February 2020.
The first part presents our research’s general context and goals. The second part focuses on the first project, Troglopie ‘Troglodytism in Ethiopia (Ethiopian Troglodytism): studying a society through its techniques’. A post-doctoral fellowship financed by the DIM – Heritage and Ancient Materials – this study benefits from the scientific supervision of Marie-Laure Derat from the Laboratory Orient & et Méditerranée. After the presentation of questions and methods, we will describe the choices we had to make in order to pursue this project and the limitations that were raised during our four weeks long survey in Ethiopia.
These limits explain the orientation given to the second project ‘Rock-hewn monument worksites from past to present Ethiopia: between archaeology, anthropology and history’ explained in the third part. Financed by the Fondation Maison des Sciences de l’Homme’s Atlas Mobility Program and the French Center for Ethiopian Studies, this two-month long research fieldwork is meant to take place during the Autumn 2020.